Since 1437, Edinburgh has been the capital of Scotland. The city is situated near the Firth of Forth’s southern bank in Lothian. Bordered by East Lothian, Midlothian, and West Lothian, hills, and the coast, the geographic area of the city is hilly.
Besides hills, the Green belt also surrounds almost all of Edinburgh’s border areas. Green belt refers to the naturally preserved areas under the policy that separates each town and Edinburgh itself with other cities. The policy makes Edinburgh as the greenest city in the U.K. The number of green spaces reaches 49.2% of the city. It makes tress numbers in Edinburgh surpass the population.
The population has reached 536.775 people in 2020 making the city the second-most populous city in Scotland. Citizens of Edinburgh are called ‘Edinburghers’. Their ethnicities mostly are Scottish. The earliest human habitation in Edinburgh was in 8.500 BC specifically in the Cramond suburb.
Edinburgh’s recorded history was started in the first century AD when the Romans first came to Lothian and built a fort at Cramond. At the time, there had been a tribe called Votadini. The tribe controlled Edinburgh until 638 AD when the Northumbria king defeated Votadini and included Edinburgh under Northumbria rules.
It was only until the late ninth century when Viking raids on Britain happened taking Edinburgh back to Scotland. Ever since the Kingdom of Scotland was established, Edinburgh was part of it. Battles between Scotland and England occurred several times. The battles were ended in 1707 when the two Kingdoms were united making Great Britain.
Due to its long history, there are many ancient buildings and sites such as the medieval Old and Neoclassical New towns. The towns are classified as World heritage site by UNESCO in 1995. Most buildings also have a gothic revival architectural style with arched windows and several stories.
Iconic buildings worth visiting are the Edinburgh Castle, Holyrood Palace, Scottish national gallery, Calton Hill and Scott Monument, Melrose Abbey, and others. Other than sightseeing the town view, shopping in Princess street is another tourist attraction in Edinburgh. Jenner, the oldest department store in Scotland, lies on the street since 1838.
Another famous street in the city is Royal Mile. This street has been the main location of the Edinburgh Festival Fringe for many years. The festival cover street performing arts like circus, musicals, comedy, cabaret, theatre, and more. The open festival is first held in 1947.
Indeed, Edinburgh is the city of festivals. There are more than twenty-five festivals in a year. Some popular festivals are the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo, Jazz & Blues Festivals, and International Book Festival. The book festival is attended by thousands of authors all over the world.
Talking about books and literature, many masterpieces were born in this city. As for the example, the overseas-success Harry Potter story is mostly written by J.K. Rowling in the Elephant House Cafe. Another famous writer is Sir Arthur Conan Doyle created Sherlock Holmes story. The story was inspired by Prof. Joseph Bell who could diagnose so fast when Doyle was at the University of Edinburgh’s medical school.
The University of Edinburgh is the best uni in this city. Besides, there are other universities such as Edinburgh Napier University, Heriot-Watt University, Leith School of Art, and others. Universities, colleges, academies, secondary and junior high schools are part of Edinburgh’s education. State-funded secondary and high school education is free.
The number of international students is increasing. They could reach Edinburgh via planes, trains, or buses. From London, flights only take 1.5 hours and trains take 5 hours. In Edinburgh, people usually use public transports that are buses, trams, and taxis.
As the Green city, most citizens of Edinburgh use bikes or walking. It is another way to reduce carbons for clean air. This city was used to be called ‘the Old Smokey’ due to excessive coal burning to heat houses. The effect that remains can be seen in the old buildings which are mostly blackened.
Related to smoke, Edinburgh has another story about fire. In 1824, the Great Fire of Edinburgh happened. James Braidwood as the leader of the first organized fire brigades fought the fire with his team for six days. Nowadays, every area of Edinburgh belongs to the smoke control area.
A Brief Outline of Living in Edinburgh. Being a capital and tourism city, Edinburgh has a lively vibe to live. There are less than 600.000 Edinburghers who enjoy their daily life in this city. Though they have different lifestyles, these are some aspects that mostly apply to the life of Edinburgh citizens.
The living cost of every single person can be different. It depends on the lifestyle, properties owned, jobs, residence location, and more. Based on some surveys, for a month the cost of living of a family with four people ranges between 2,361.95£ – 3,400£ and single person ranges between 673.09£ – 1,899£. Those numbers include food, clothes, transportation, entertainment, personal care, and housing.
The wetter season lasts longer than the drier season. The average high temperature is 19° C and the average low one is 1° C. The warmest and brightest weather usually occurs starting May until September. Yet, the rest is mostly dark and rainy. Even in summer, rains often fall. For sunshine lovers, do not hope too much on Edinburgh weather. Therefore, investing in waterproof jackets, raincoats, and umbrellas are a good thing.
Healthcare in Edinburgh is firstly started by meeting a general practitioner. The GP enrolls the patients in the NHS. It is easy to find the GP using NHS24.com as there are plenty of them. Though there may be some queues, their service is satisfying. As important as health, education in this city could suit every student’s needs. Starting from nursery up to university, public or private, and even special education, Edinburgh has varied options in this field.
In terms of public transportation, this walkable city provides city buses that run from 4:00 am till midnight. There are night buses which operate after midnight, but they are more expensive. It costs £1.7 per ticket but using Ridacard that costs £57/month gives unlimited access. There are also trams with fewer routes than buses.
Edinburghers love drinking. They usually drink on weekends or after work, so pubs, bars, and cafes can be a good place to make friends. Another way is by volunteering. The city has an abundance of tourist attractions and events throughout the year. Sometimes they need more help in certain seasons like the holiday season. Besides adding numbers to a bank account, volunteering makes a wider connection.
Also, Edinburgh is more multi-racial than other cities in Scotland and has social clubs and groups. Joining groups or clubs that suit our passion could add more friendship. Although Edinburgh is a cosmopolitan, Ediburghers are quite friendly and open.
For shops, Edinburgh has a lot and complete to offer. From merchandise for tourism to daily needs, markets in the city will fill the need. Fresh foodstuffs, crafts, flowers, clothing, others can be found at Stockbridge Market, Leith Market, Greater Grassmarket, The Pitt Market, Edinburgh Farmers Market, and Old Tolbooth Market.
Those are weekly markets to visit other than department stores like Ocean Terminal, The Gyle, Waverley Mall, and St. James Shopping Center. The international brands are easy to spot at The West End, George Street, Princess Street, and Multrees Walk.
Filming Movies in Edinburg. Ones might have an ideal place to be when it comes to hilly scenery and one place you might found. Want to be in could be in the city of Edinburg in the country of Scotland. Their ideal hilly scenes are well known for many movie makers when they want to find this type of scene in their movies. One good example perhaps the well known Braveheart movie starred by Mel Gibson, an Australian born Hollywood actor.
The story tells us about the great war they had. The Scottish, against the British occupation back then in the 12th century. Initially, Sir William Wallace was categorized as criminals amongst their own people but finally. After the great battle against the British empire and they won the war. Slowly but sure the people across Scotland turn back their support to support Sir William Wallace for their continuing fight against the British.
Sir William Wallace began to take the attention
Of the people of Scotland when he fought and killed Sir William Haseirig which was the sheriff of Lanark and also their crews, and William Wallace got helped by Sir Richard Lundie and also supported by Robert Wishart which was the great bishop of Glasgow and William Wallace saw this support as a great authorisation and great honour because Robert Wishart himself also wanted the British to lose. And the battle continues until the British and Scot signed a pact towards the end of 12th century to be in peace and give Scotland their full independence against the British. Anyway, people of Scotland never feel they were part of the British empire since the beginning.
These situations were taken into the movie of Braveheart, an epic movie of this great war of. Scotland where people of Scotland were so proud of their nation and Sir Williams Wallace, played by Mel Gibson. Seems to be a great fit into the movie and this was well accepted not only the people of the country but also throughout the world.
Many movies made in these modern.
Days required such hilly landscapes with great features of castles and stuff, to name a few. Harry Potter movies were also being shot in these locations in Scotland to perfectly shows their great hills and sceneries. To those fans of great medieval countrysides, Scotland is certainly an ideal place to play bola88 from time to time.
The movie titled Hamlet was also filmed in this country too. These are some favourite film locations in Scotland that you may also want to visit and see during your holiday in this country. Places like Gregory Hills, Red Point Beach in Wester Ross are to name a few of them. The Isle of Lewis certainly is something we don’t want to miss as well.
These great locations we captured in the movies because they seem to have everything about Scotland. From ginger hair, tales of magic, quirky clansmen, stunning sceneries and many more to what people are referring to. In short, there are too many interesting sites and places for big movie production companies to choose with in the city of Edinburg.
Unique and Enjoyable Cultures in The Capital of Scotland. As a part of Scotland, Edinburgh’s culture is mostly influenced by Scottish culture. It applies to norms, beliefs, customs, traditions, arts, and even foods. Of them all, here are some enjoyable cultures that only can be found in Edinburgh.
Being the capital of Scotland has its benefits. One of them is having complete food options from across Scotland. The restaurants in this city have every traditional Scottish dish. Therefore, tourists do not have to fly to a different region to taste Scottish dishes; Edinburgh is enough.
The famous Scottish delicacy is Haggis which is made of calf or sheep’s offal, spices, and oatmeal. The uniqueness of this food is that those ingredients are encased in an animal’s stomach. The food is served as a savory pudding. Another outlandish from the city is Stornoway black pudding. The distinctive ingredient of the food is the pig’s blood. Though its name is pudding, the final product looks more like sausages.
Other cultural delicacies that can be enjoyed in the city are Cullen Skink, Mince and Tatties, Partan Bree, Cranachan, Cock-a-leekie, Arbroath smokies, and of course its national beverage, whiskey. Some of those foods are commonly served during certain celebrations and occasions.
Celebrations and Traditions
Related to New Year, Scottish tradition has Hogmanay which means the last day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. Nowadays, Edinburgh’s Hogmanay is annually celebrated on December 30th till January 1st. The celebration includes fireworks, Cèilidh dancing, concerts and more. Another celebration is the Beltane fire festival which has historical Gaelic influence. This celebration is held on 30 April and covers ritual drama and art events.
Another unique tradition that can be seen daily is the one o’clock gun. Taken place in Edinburgh castle, Mon Meg, the giant canon, is always fired at 1 pm daily. This tradition can be traced back to the 1850s when Time-ball on Calton Hill was not visible due to bad weather. Therefore to tell the time, an auditory sign from the canon was started.
While crossing the heart of Midlothian, it is common to see Edinburghers spitting on the pavement of the royal mile. It is another tradition that came from the 1600s where the Tolbooth prison still operated. The heart sign was the mark entrance of the Prisons and people used to spit on the prisoners who came into the jail.
Other eccentric traditions in Edinburgh that still exist nowadays are enjoying 99 ice cream at Portobello Beach, eating chips with sauce and salt, getting head tapped by John Knox’s breeches, and wishing luck rubbing Hume’s toe. To know the meaning behind each tradition, visiting Edinburgh is the best way.
Like other aspects, arts including traditional music in Edinburgh are heavily influenced by Scottish culture. Traditional instruments such as bagpipes, fiddles, and harpers are part of early music in Edinburgh. Besides, the music of the city has been influenced by folk, classical, pop, rock, and jazz music.
There are lots of art collections in this city from traditional to modern, with varied dimensions. Those fine arts can be found at galleries, museums and even on some streets.