Historic Castles: The Edinburgh’s National Treasure. Castles are Edinburgh’s main attraction in tourism nowadays. There are dozens of castles and the most famous one is Edinburgh Castle. It is estimated that more than two million people visited Edinburgh Castle in 2018.
Besides tourism, Castles are often used as a filming location. Famous movies that were shot in Edinburgh castles are Outlaw King, T2 Trainspotting, Kuch Kuch Hota Hai, Outlander, Lallybroch, and more. Of them all, the significant importance of castles as the national treasure of Scotland is its historical value.
Castles were built for different purposes such as royal residence, prison, chapel, and military defense. Being called ‘the defender of the nation’, these are several magnificent castles in Edinburgh with their heroic history.
Stood as the oldest and largest castle in Edinburgh, the castle had been the royals’ home since King David I reign in12th century up to 1633. During times, many parts of the castle complex evolved due to sieges, deaths, and state events. The examples are the Half Moon Battery which was constructed in the backwash of Lang Siege 1573 and Margaret Chapel which was dedicated to Queen Margaret who died in 1093.
Edinburgh Castle had been the witness for many historical events such as wars of Scottish Independence, Nova Scotia and Civil war, James III release, and more. It was also the jail for many prisoners of wars and the place for witch execution. In the present, everyone could see Edinburgh history by visiting the Castle complex which consists Scottish National War Memorial, Royal Palace, Great Hall, Mons Meg, and others.
Constructed in the late 14th century, Craigmillar Castle belonged to the Preston family. In this castle, John Stewart the King James III’s brother was imprisoned due to witchcraft practice. Later, the castle became the haven and escape place for young James V and Mary of Scots to regain their Health.
The castle was also the silent witness for Lord Danley’s murder, Queen Mary’s husband. Sadly in 1544 during Rough Wooing or war between England and Scotland, the castle was burned down by English. The remains still open for the public.
Located in the middle of a lake, the castle built in the 1300s was the last place Mary of Scots stayed before escaping to England and executed. It was also the prison for Mary where she was forced to abdicate and had a miscarriage. Recently, people http://22.214.171.124 could visit this castle by cruising with a 12-person ferry.
Situated by the sea, Tantallon Castle was a tower house built and owned by the Douglass dynasty. It had survived three besieges by James IV (1491), James V (1528), and Oliver Cromwell (1651). It was the place where young James V lived for years after the rebellion against his father, James III. The beauty of this castle still remains as it is one if favorite filming locations in Scotland.
Apart from the previous castles, there are still dozens of castles in Edinburgh. Most castles nowadays have been renovated and reconstructed. Yet their story will remain. Those are some of Edinburgh’s national treasures.